Man of law, juror & minstrel

Lawyer & minstrel
Guy Marchant, Lawyer and minstrel

Here is a comparison line by line of the Ellesmere manuscript against all other available sources.

In this comparison we ignore punctuation, accents, capitalization, double letters, final e's (and e before final s), differences caused by split words (e.g. "toforne" and "to forne"), and differences caused by interchange of aun/an and cion/cyon/tion.

Deletions are marked in red and insertions in green: In other words, the red words are from the Ellesmere-manuscript.

Death to the lawyer

Dethe to the man of lawe

Dethe to the man of lawe Mors ad Aduocatum
Trinity

Dethe to the man of lawe
Vespasian

Dethe Death speaketh to the man of lawe
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Sire aduocate / shorte processe for to make

Sire aduocate/ shorte processe for to make
Trinity

Sire aduocate/ Come nere, sergaunt, shorte processe for to make
Vespasian

Sire aduocate/ advocate shorte processe for to make
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Ȝe mote come plete / a-fore the hye Juge

Ȝe mote come plete/ a fore the hye Juge luge
Selden

Ȝe mote come must cun plete/ a fore tofore the hye hygh Juge
Trinity

Ȝe mote You must come plete/ plott a fore the matron hye Juge
Vespasian

Ȝe mote come plete/ a fore the hye Juge high[e] iudge.
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Many a quarel / ȝe haue vndurtake

Many a quarel/ ȝe haue vndurtake vndirtake
Selden, Trinity

Many a quarel/ though ȝe haue vndurtake have vndertake,
Vespasian

Many a quarel/ ȝe haue vndurtake vndertake
Tottel

Many a quarel/ quarels ȝe haue vndurtake have undertake,
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1818

Many a quarel/ Mony quarels ȝe haue vndurtake have undertake,
Dugdale-1718

And for lucre / to do folke refuge

And for lucre/ to do folke haue done refuge
Trinity

And for lucre/ to do folke refuge there done faultes have got remedy.
Vespasian

And for lucre/ done to do folke refuge
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

But my fraunchise / is so large & huge

But Yet my fraunchise/ fraunches is so large & huge
Trinity

But my fraunchise/ is so large & huge Yet shall your subtill wyttines be denied fowly,
Vespasian

That counceile noon / a-vaile mai but trouth

That counceile counsell may noon/ a vaile mai but trouth
Trinity

That counceile noon/ a vaile mai but trouth For shyst and covetuousnes shall be exild.
Vespasian

That counceile counsayle noon/ a vaile auaile mai but trouth
Tottel

That counceile counsail noon/ a vaile mai but trouth
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

He skapeth wyseli / of dethe the grete deluge

He skapeth skapiþ wyseli/ of dethe the grete deluge
Selden

He skapeth scapeth nat wyseli/ of dethe the grete deluge
Trinity

He skapeth wyseli/ of dethe the grete deluge Bewaire be tyme, & labour for mercy instantly:
Vespasian

He skapeth scapeth wyseli/ of dethe death the grete great deluge
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

To-fore the dome / who is not teynte with slouth.

To fore the dome/ who is not teynte tente with slouth.
Trinity

To fore the dome/ who is not teynte with slouth. tresteth most there stait, shall oftymes be begyled.
Vespasian

To fore the dome/ who is not nought teynte with slouth.
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1818

The lawyer

The mon of law answereth

The mon man of law answereth answerith
Selden

The mon of law answereth Responsio Aduocati
Trinity

The mon Man of law answereth maketh aunswer.
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Of right and resoun / be natures lawe

Of right riȝt and resoun/ be natures by naturis lawe
Selden

Of right and resoun/ be natures Reson by nature ys lawe
Trinity

Of right and resoun/ be reason by natures lawe
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

I can [not] put a-ȝen dethe / no defence

I can [not] put a ȝen aȝein dethe/ no defence
Selden

I can [not] cannat put a ȝen agayn dethe/ no defence fence
Trinity

I can [not] nought put a ȝen against dethe/ no defence
Tottel

I can [not] put a ȝen dethe/ nought putten against death no defence
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Ne be no sleyght / me kepe ne with-drawe

Ne be by no sleyght/ sleiȝte/ me kepe ne with drawe
Selden

Ne be Nor by no sleyght/ slouthe me kepe ne nor with drawe
Trinity

Ne be no by my* sleyght/ me kepe ne kepen or with drawe
Tottel

Ne be no sleyght/ me kepe ne with drawe For all my wit nor for all my gret prudence,
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1818

Ne be no sleyght/ me kepe ne with drawe For all my wit, nor for all my great prudence,
Dugdale-1718

For al my witte / and [my] grete prudence

For al my witte/ and or all [my] grete prudence
Trinity

For al my witte/ and al* [my] grete prudence
Tottel

For al my witte/ and [my] grete prudence To appeal from his dreadfull sentence
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

To make appele / from his dredeful sentence

To make appele/ from his dredeful this dredful sentence
Selden

To make appele/ from his dredeful gret sentence
Trinity

To make appele/ appeale from his dredeful dredful sentence
Tottel

To make appele/ from his dredeful sentence Nother by no sleight me kepen or withdraw
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1818

To make appele/ from his dredeful sentence Nother by sleight me keepen or withdraw,
Dugdale-1718

No thyng yn erthe / mai a man preserue

No thyng yn erthe/ mai a man preserue preserve
Selden

Nor No thyng yn erthe/ earth mai a man preserue
Tottel

Nor No thyng yn erthe/ earth mai a man preserue preserve,
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1818

For No thyng yn erthe/ earth mai a man preserue preserve,
Dugdale-1718

A-ȝeyne his myght / to make † resistence

A ȝeyne Aȝeins his myght/ myȝt/ to make resistence
Selden

A ȝeyne Ageyns his myght/ to make resistence
Trinity

A ȝeyne Agayn his myght/ to make resistence
Tottel

A ȝeyne Again his myght/ to make resistence resistance.
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1818

A ȝeyne Against his myght/ to make resistence resistance,
Dugdale-1718

God quyte al men / liche as thei deserue.

God quyte al men/ liche like as thei deserue. deserve
Selden

God quyte quyteþ al men/ liche lyke as thei deserue.
Trinity, Tottel

God quyte quiteth al men/ liche like as thei deserue. deserve.
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Death to the juror

Dethe to the Jouroure

Dethe to the Jouroure Mors ad Iuratum
Trinity

Dethe to the Jouroure Iurour
Lansdowne, Vossius

Dethe Death speaketh to the Jouroure Iurrour.
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Maister ioroure / whiche that atte assise

Maister ioroure/ whiche Iurrour/ wiche that atte assise
Selden

Maister Master ioroure/ whiche that atte assise assyses
Trinity

Maister ioroure/ Iurour/ whiche that atte assise assises
Lansdowne, Vossius, Tottel

Maister ioroure/ MAster Jurrour whiche that atte assise assises,
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1818

Maister ioroure/ Master Jurrour whiche that atte assise assizes,
Dugdale-1718

And atte shires / questes doste embrace

And atte shires/ questes doste embrace shyrys questys dyd enbrase
Trinity

And atte shires/ questes doste shiris/ questis didist embrace
Lansdowne

And atte shires/ questes doste embrace questis didist enbrace
Vossius

And atte shires/ sheres questes doste dydst embrace
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Depart[ist] londe / like to thy deuyse

Depart[ist] Departedyst londe/ like to thy deuyse deuyses
Trinity

Depart[ist] londe/ like to aftir thy deuyse devises
Lansdowne

Depart[ist] Departyd londe/ like to after thy deuyse devises
Vossius

Depart[ist] londe/ like to thy deuyse deuises,
Tottel

Depart[ist] Deper didst londe/ like to thy deuyse devises,
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

And who moste ȝaf / moste stode yn thi grace

And who moste ȝaf/ gaue moste stode was yn thi grace
Trinity

And who moste ȝaf/ gaff/ moste stode yn thi grace
Lansdowne, Vossius

And who moste ȝaf/ gaue moste stode yn thi grace
Tottel

And who moste ȝaf/ gave moste stode yn thi grace
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

The pore man loste / londe and place

The pore man loste/ bothe londe and place
Lansdowne, Vossius, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

The pore man loste/ londe both[e] land and place
Tottel

For golde thow / [cow]dest / folke disherite

For golde thow/ þou [cow]dest/ folke folkes disherite
Selden, Trinity

For golde thow/ [cow]dest/ thou coudist/ folke disherite
Lansdowne

For golde thow/ [cow]dest/ thou koudist/ folke disherite
Vossius

For golde thow/ [cow]dest/ thou couldest folke disherite
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

But now lete see / with thi teynte face

But now lete lat see/ with thi teynte face
Trinity

But lat se now lete see/ with thi teynte face that withynne so short a space
Lansdowne, Vossius

But now lete see/ with thi teynte taint face
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

To-fore the Juge / howe thow cannest the quyte.

To fore the Juge/ luge/ howe thow cannest þou canst the quyte.
Selden

To fore Toforne the Juge/ howe thow cannest thou can the quyte.
Trinity

To fore Before the Juge/ howe thow cannest canst the quyte. acquyte.
Lansdowne

To By fore the Juge/ howe thow cannest thou canst the quyte. aquite
Vossius

To fore the Juge/ Iudge howe thow cannest [thou] canst the quyte.
Tottel

To fore the Juge/ Judge howe thow cannest canst the quyte.
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

The juror

The Joroure answereth

The Joroure answereth Iourour answerith
Selden

The Joroure answereth Responsio Iurati
Trinity

The Joroure answereth Responsum
Lansdowne, Vossius

The Joroure answereth Iurrour maketh aunswere.
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Somme tyme I was cleped / yn my Cuntre

Somme tyme I was cleped/ clepid/ yn my Cuntre
Selden

Somme tyme I was cleped/ clepyd yn my Cuntre contre
Trinity

Somme tyme I was cleped/ callid/ yn my Cuntre contre
Lansdowne, Vossius

Somme tyme WHILOM I was cleped/ yn my Cuntre countrey
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

The belle wedyr / and that was not a lite

The belle wedyr/ and that was not nat a lite
Selden, Trinity

The belle wedyr/ bellewedir/ and that was not nat a lite
Lansdowne

The belle wedyr/ bellewedder/ and that was not nat a lite
Vossius

The belle wedyr/ belweather, and that was not a lite
Tottel

The belle wedyr/ belweather and that was not a lite alight,
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Not loued but drad / of hye & lowe degre

Not Nouȝt loued but drad/ of lowe and hye & lowe degre
Selden

Not loued Nat louyd but drad/ of hye hygh & lowe degre
Trinity

Not loued Nat lovid but drad/ of hye hih & lowe degre
Lansdowne

Not loued Nat lovyd but drad/ dred/ of hye & hih nor lowe degre
Vossius

Not Nought loued but drad/ of hye high & lowe degre
Tottel

Not loued Nought loved but drad/ of hye high & lowe degre
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

For whom me liste / be crafte y coude endite

For whom me liste/ be by crafte y coude endite
Selden, Lansdowne

For whom me liste/ be by crafte y coude conde endite
Trinity

For whom as me liste/ be bi crafte y coude could endite
Vossius

For whom me liste/ be by crafte y coude could endite
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

And hange the trewe / & the thief respite

And hange the trewe/ & the thief theef respite
Selden

And hange Hangyng the trewe/ & the thief thefe respite
Trinity

And hange the trewe/ & the thief respite theeff acquyte
Lansdowne

And hange the trewe/ & the thief respite theffis aquite
Vossius

And hange Hongen the trewe/ true & the thief thefe respite
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Al the cuntre / be my worde was lad

Al the cuntre/ be by my worde was lad
Selden

Al the cuntre/ be contrey by my worde was lad
Trinity

Al the cuntre/ be contre/ bi my worde was lad
Lansdowne

Al the cuntre/ be contre/ bi my worde was lad lede
Vossius

Al the cuntre/ be countrey by my worde was lad
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

But y dar sei / shortli for to write

But y dar sei/ shortli soþly for to write
Trinity

But y dar sei/ say/ shortli for to write
Lansdowne

But y dar sei/ sein, shortli for to write
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Of my dethe / many a man is glad.

Of my dethe/ many a man is oon wole be ful glad.
Lansdowne

Of my dethe/ many a man is on wold be ful glad.
Vossius

Of my dethe/ death many a man is glad.
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Death to the minstrel

Dethe to the Mynstralle

Dethe to the Mynstralle Mors ad Ministrallum
Trinity

Dethe to the Mynstralle Mimus
Lansdowne, Vossius

Dethe Death speaketh to the Mynstralle
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

O thow Minstral / that cannest so note & pipe

O thow thou Minstral/ that cannest canst so note & pipe
Selden, Trinity

O thow Minstral/ that cannest so note & pipe Gentil menstral/ shewe [me] now thi witt
Lansdowne

O thow Minstral/ that cannest so note & pipe Gentil menstrel/ shew now thi witt
Vossius

O thow THOU Minstral/ that cannest can so note & pipe
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Un-to folkes / for to do plesaunce

Un to Vnto folkes/ for to do plesaunce
Selden, Trinity

Un to folkes/ for to do plesaunce How thou canst pleye/ or foote ariht this daunce
Lansdowne

Un to folkes/ for to do plesaunce How thou canst pley/ or fote the daunce
Vossius

Un to folkes/ for to do plesaunce done pleasaunce,
Tottel

Un to folkes/ folke for to do plesaunce done pleasaunce,
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

By the right honde [anoone] I shal the gripe

By the right riȝt honde [anoone] I shal anoone the gripe
Selden

By the right honde [anoone] hande I shal the gripe
Trinity

By the right honde [anoone] I shal the gripe dar weel sei/ that an harder fitt
Lansdowne

By the right honde [anoone] I shal the gripe dar wel say/ [that] an harder fytt
Vossius

By the thi* right honde [anoone] I shal the gripe
Tottel

By the right honde [anoone] I shal anon the gripe
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

With these other / to go vp-on my daunce

With these other/ to go vp on my daunce
Selden

With these other/ to go vp on opon my daunce
Trinity

With these other/ to go vp on my daunce Than this/ fil neuyr [vn]to thi chaunce
Lansdowne

With these other/ Than this fel neuer to go vp on my daunce thi chaunce
Vossius

With these other/ to go gone vp on my daunce
Tottel

With these other/ to go vp on gone upon my daunce
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Ther is no scape / nowther a-voydaunce

Ther is no scape/ nowther neiþer a voydaunce
Selden

Ther is no scape/ nowther a voydaunce nouþer auoydaunce
Trinity

Look Ther is no scape/ nowther a voydaunce fore/ what may best avaunce
Lansdowne

Ther is no scape/ nowther a voydaunce Loke therfore/ what may best avaunce
Vossius

Ther is no scape/ nowther a voydaunce nother auoydaunce,
Tottel

Ther is no scape/ nowther nother a voydaunce
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

On no side / to contrarie my sentence

On no none side/ to contrarie my sentence
Trinity

On no side/ to contrarie my sentence Thi sowle as now/ & vse that I reede
Lansdowne, Vossius

On no side/ to contrarie contraire* my sentence
Tottel

On no side/ to contrarie contune my sentence
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

For yn musik / be crafte & accordaunce

For yn musik/ be by crafte & accordaunce
Selden, Tottel

For yn musik/ be by crafte & accordaunce concordaunce
Trinity

For yn musik/ be crafte Refuse nyce play/ & accordaunce veyn plesaunce
Lansdowne

For yn musik/ be crafte Reffuce nyce play/ & accordaunce veyn plesaunce
Vossius

For yn musik/ be my crafte & accordaunce
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1818

For yn my musik/ be my crafte & accordaunce
Dugdale-1718

Who maister is / shew his science.

Who maister mastyr is/ shew sheweþ his science.
Trinity

Who maister is/ shew his science. Bettir late/ than neuyr to do good deede.
Lansdowne

Who maister is/ shew his science. Bettir late than neuer/ to do good dede
Vossius

Who maister is/ shew [shal] shewen his science.
Tottel

Who maister is/ shew shewen his science. sentence.
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

The minstrel

The Mynstral answereth

The Mynstral answereth answeriþ
Selden

The Mynstral answereth Reponsio Ministralli
Trinity

The Mynstral answereth Responsum
Lansdowne, Vossius

The Mynstral answereth maketh aunswere.
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

This newe daunce / is to me so straunge

This The newe daunce/ is to me so straunge
Trinity

Ey benedicite/ This newe daunce/ world is to me so straunge freele
Lansdowne, Vossius

Wonder dyuerse / and passyngli contrarie

Wonder Wondir dyuerse/ and passyngli contrarie
Selden, Trinity

Wonder dyuerse/ and passyngli contrarie Now glad/ now sory/ what shal men vse
Lansdowne, Vossius

Wonder dyuerse/ divers and passyngli contrarie
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

The dredful fotyng / dothe so ofte chaunge

The dredful dredefull fotyng/ dothe so ofte chaunge
Trinity, Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

The dredful fotyng/ dothe so ofte chaunge Harpe lute phidil/ pipe farwell
Lansdowne

The dredful fotyng/ dothe so ofte chaunge Harpe lute & fidel/ fareweell
Vossius

And the mesures / so ofte sithes varie

And the mesures/ mesure so ofte sithes tymes varie
Trinity

Sautry Sithol/ And the mesures/ so ofte sithes varie Shalmuse
Lansdowne

Sawtre sitol And the mesures/ so ofte sithes varie shalmuse
Vossius

And the mesures/ measures so ofte sithes tymes* varie
Tottel

And the mesures/ measures so ofte sithes sith varie
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Whiche now to me / is no thyng necessarie

Whiche Wiche now to me/ is no thyng necessarie
Selden

Whiche vnto me now to me/ is no thyng necessarie
Trinity

Whiche now to me/ is no thyng necessarie Al wordly myrthe/ I here refuse
Lansdowne

Whiche now to me/ is no thyng necessarie All wordly merth/ I here refuse
Vossius

Whiche now to unto me/ is now no thyng necessarie
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Ȝif hit were so / that I myght asterte

Ȝif hit it were so/ that I myght myȝt asterte
Selden

Ȝif Yef hit were so/ that I myght asterte
Trinity

Ȝif hit were so/ that I myght asterte God graunte me grace/ of sich penaunce
Lansdowne

Ȝif hit were so/ that I myght asterte God graunt me grace/ of such penaunce
Vossius

Ȝif hit it were so/ that I myght asterte
Tottel

Ȝif hit it were so/ that I myght asterte assert
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

But many a man / ȝif I shal not tarie

But many a man/ ȝif yef I shal not nat tarie
Trinity

But many a man/ ȝif I shal not tarie As may myn old/ synnes excuse
Lansdowne

But many a man/ ȝif I shal not tarie As may my old synnes excuse
Vossius

But many a man/ ȝif I shal not nought tarie
Tottel, Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818

Ofte daunceth / but no thynge of herte.

Ofte daunceth/ tyme daunseþ but no thynge of herte.
Trinity, Tottel

Ofte daunceth/ but no thynge of herte. For alle be nat mery/ that othir whyle daunce.
Lansdowne

Ofte daunceth/ but no thynge of herte. For all be nat mery/ that other while daunce
Vossius

Ofte daunceth/ daunseth but no thynge of herte.
Dugdale-1658, Dugdale-monasticon, Dugdale-1718, Dugdale-1818


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