Marginal thinking: 10. English prayers

Nicolas Higman / François Regnault: Jesus being presented in the temple.
Presentation
Book of Common Prayer
"Symeon at Crystes cyrcuncision
These wordes unto the iewes dyde tell
Myn eyen beholdeth your redempcyon
The lyght and glory of ysraell.
Presentation

The Parisian publishers had great success, and as we've already seen they published translations in Latin, Spanish and Dutch.

The books were also published in English. The Royal Danish Library displays a copy published by Antoine Vérard in 1505 (see external link). The printer has had great problems, not just with the spelling, but also with the "foreign" letters W and K, which seems to have been in limited supply. Therefore he has been forced to be creative and has replaced the W with two V's, while the K has been replaced by a combination of a lowercase l and a rotunda-r (rotunda).

The picture to the left is a book of hours by Nicolas Higman and François Regnault in Latin from 1519. The picture to the right is an English version for the use of Sarum / Salisbury.

As the text to the right shows, the English books as well as the French had a habit of conflating the circumcision of Jesus ("Crystes cyrcuncision") with the presentation in the temple.

Page 113
Richard Daye, Prayer 113
Page 114
Richard Daye, Prayer 114

When it comes to dances of death, the record goes to the books of prayers published by John and Richard Daye: »A Booke of Christian Prayers, Collected Out of the Ancient Writers«.

The dance of death starts together with the psalms of David, and as the pictures to the left and right show, there's nothing like a few skeletons above and on both sides to spiffy up the old psalms.

The story in short is that John Daye (ca. 1522 - 1584) published Queen Elizabeth's book of prayers in 1559, and later on his son Richard (1552 - before 1607) used the same material for several editions.

Normally at this point I would quote Douce, but the problem is that these books are very rare. Even Douce had to rely on secondary information, and today the books are hidden behind pay-walls. Fortunately there is a facsimile reprint from 1863, which seems to be reliable (see external link).

At a glance the figures are reminiscent of those of Thielman Kerver but there are more of them, while the Catholic figures such as pope, cardinal, patriarch and sundry monks are missing.

I have typed out the text over each image. Click any person to jump into the dance.

Next
page

Next we'll take a look at a totally different tradition.

John and Richard Daye's dancers

Emperor
Richard Daye 1569: Emperor
King
Richard Daye 1569: King
Duke
Richard Daye 1569: Duke
Marquis
Richard Daye 1569: Marquis
Baron
Richard Daye 1569: Baron
Viscount
Richard Daye 1569: Viscount
Archbishop
Richard Daye 1569: Archbishop
Bishop
Richard Daye 1569: Bishop
Doctor
Richard Daye 1569: Doctor
Preacher
Richard Daye 1569: Preacher
Lord
Richard Daye 1569: Lord
Knight
Richard Daye 1569: Knight
Esquire
Richard Daye 1569: Esquire
Gentleman
Richard Daye 1569: Gentleman
Judge
Richard Daye 1569: Judge
Justice
Richard Daye 1569: Justice
Sergeant at law
Richard Daye 1569: Sergeant at law
Attorney
Richard Daye 1569: Attorney
Mayor
Richard Daye 1569: Mayor
Sheriff
Richard Daye 1569: Sheriff
Bailiff
Richard Daye 1569: Bailiff
Constable
Richard Daye 1569: Constable
Physician
Richard Daye 1569: Physician
Astronomer
Richard Daye 1569: Astronomer
Herald
Richard Daye 1569: Herald
Sergeant at arms
Richard Daye 1569: Sergeant at arms
Trumpeter
Richard Daye 1569: Trumpeter
Pursuivant
Richard Daye 1569: Pursuivant
Drummer
Richard Daye 1569: Drummer
Fife
Richard Daye 1569: Fife
Captain
Richard Daye 1569: Captain
Soldier
Richard Daye 1569: Soldier
Merchant
Richard Daye 1569: Merchant
Citizen
Richard Daye 1569: Citizen
Printers
Richard Daye 1569: Printers
Rich man
Richard Daye 1569: Rich man
Aged man
Richard Daye 1569: Aged man
Artificer
Richard Daye 1569: Artificer
Husbandman
Richard Daye 1569: Husbandman
Musicians
Richard Daye 1569: Musicians
Shepherd
Richard Daye 1569: Shepherd
Fool
Richard Daye 1569: Fool
Beggar
Richard Daye 1569: Beggar
Rogue
Richard Daye 1569: Rogue
Of youth
Richard Daye 1569: Of youth
Infancy
Richard Daye 1569: Infancy
Empress
Richard Daye 1569: Empress
Queen
Richard Daye 1569: Queen
Princess
Richard Daye 1569: Princess
Duchess
Richard Daye 1569: Duchess
Countess
Richard Daye 1569: Countess
Viscountess
Richard Daye 1569: Viscountess
Baroness
Richard Daye 1569: Baroness
Lady
Richard Daye 1569: Lady
Judge's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Judge's wife
Lawyer's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Lawyer's wife
Gentlewoman
Richard Daye 1569: Gentlewoman
Alderman's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Alderman's wife
Merchant's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Merchant's wife
Citizen's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Citizen's wife
Rich man's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Rich man's wife
Young woman
Richard Daye 1569: Young woman
Maid
Richard Daye 1569: Maid
Damoiselle
Richard Daye 1569: Damoiselle
Farmer's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Farmer's wife
Husbandman's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Husbandman's wife
Countrywoman
Richard Daye 1569: Countrywoman
Nurse
Richard Daye 1569: Nurse
Shepherd's wife
Richard Daye 1569: Shepherd's wife
Aged woman
Richard Daye 1569: Aged woman
Cripple
Richard Daye 1569: Cripple
Poor woman
Richard Daye 1569: Poor woman
Infant
Richard Daye 1569: Infant
Fool
Richard Daye 1569: Fool
Mohammed
Richard Daye 1569: Mohammed
Prayer 113
Richard Daye 1569: Prayer 113
Prayer 114
Richard Daye 1569: Prayer 114
Physician
Richard Daye 1569: Physician

External links


Up to section about books of hours